Block C

color- an element of art that is derived from reflected light. The sensation of color is aroused in the brain by response of the eyes to different wavelengths of light. Color has three properties: hue, value, and intensity.


hue- The name of a color in the color spectrum, such as red, blue, or yellow. Those are the primary hues. There is no way to make a primary hue by mixing other hues. But, you can mix all three colors and black and white and make other colors. Complementary colors are the colors opposite each other on the color wheel. Monochromatic color scheme is a color scheme that uses only one hue and the tints and shades of that hue. Arbitrary Color is when artists use color to express feelings, they usually ignore the optical colors of objects.

Example of Hue
Example of Hue

value- The art element that describes the darkness or lightness of a color. The amount of light a color reflects determines its color value. Most of the hues of the spectrum do not have the same value. Ex. Yellow reflect the most light so it is the lightest hue. Violet reflects the least light so it is the darkest hue.

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intensity- Is the brightness or dullness of a hue. Pure or bright hues are called high-intensity colors while dull hues are called low-intensity colors.

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warm colors- Warm colors are red, orange, and yellow. They suggest warmth and seem to move toward the viewer.

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cool colors- Cool colors are blue, green, and violet. They suggest coolness and seem to recede from a viewer.

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arbitrary color- Color chosen by an artist to express his or her feelings.

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optical colors- Color perceived b the viewer due to the effect of atmosphere or unusual light on the actual color.

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Hue, value, and intensity do not operated independently. They rely on each other to create all of the colors that you see around you.


Ex. of Value
Ex. of Value

This is an example of value because you can see all the different values from where the light was shining on it.

Ex. of Hue
Ex. of Hue

This is an example of hue because you can see all of the colors in it.

Ex. of Intesity
Ex. of Intesity

This is an example of intensity because it is obviously shown where the darker and lighter colors are shown.